Web Programming Learning Guide for Beginners

Are you interested in learning web programming but not sure where to start? Stay cool! In this article, we will invite you to listen to the complete guide to learning web programming.

You can get to know what web programming is, web programming languages, learning stages, study sites, to effective web programming learning tips.  

Curious? Come on, see the full article!

What is Web Programming?

Web programming or web programming is the process of communicating commands on a computer to build a website-based program that can be accessed using the internet.

For example, web programming is like an architect who designs a house. Builders with all the tools and materials are computers. Then the house is a program or website that has been successfully built. 

Just like an architect, someone who does web programming needs to design a website, build it, and make sure that the website can be inhabited or visited by anyone. 

Well, web programming is one of the fields that is now much in demand and needed. In fact, this profession is expected to grow 23 percent from 2021 to 2031. 

Well, for that you need to learn web programming. But what are the benefits of learning web programming?

5 Benefits of Learning Web Programming

Here are the benefits of learning web programming that you can get:

  • Career Support – Web programming skills are in high demand nowadays and are predicted to continue to be needed. It is projected that around 21,800 job vacancies are opened, on average, annually for a decade. Therefore, if you learn web programming, then you have brighter career growth opportunities. 
  • Practicing Accuracy – Each language used for web programming has its own syntax and code-writing rules. So, so that the program you create can run, you must carefully apply the syntax. That way, when you get used to writing code, at the same time you are also practicing accuracy.
  • Sharpen Your Mindset – Your ability to think systematically and problems solving will also get sharper if you learn web programming. The reason is that when you create a program, you have to arrange the code in the order that it is. In fact, when an error occurs, you must immediately address the problem.
  • Developing Creativity – Even though web programming is better known as technical knowledge, in web programming, creative skills are really needed. Because, the ability to write code, design programs, and solve problems in programs, can’t always be done with formulas. Therefore, when you create a program, your creativity will also grow.  
  • Get a High Salary – The long process of learning web programming is worth the income that can be generated if you work as a programmer.

6+ Commonly Used Web Programming Languages

A programming language is a communication tool that programmers use to give instructions to a computer. The goal is to be able to make programs according to written commands. Well, to build a website, here are the web programming languages ​​that you can use: 

1. Java

Java is a website programming language that is known for its flexibility to be used on many platforms. True to its motto, “write once, run anywhere”, Java allows users to simply write code once and run it on different platforms. 

Since its first launch in 1995, Java is one of the most widely used web programming languages. In fact, a number of large companies such as Yahoo!, LinkedIn, and Spotify develop their websites using Java.

However, to use Java, you need a lot of storage capacity. Because writing code in Java tends to require several lines of code to write simple commands. As a result, Java uses too much memory when running.

2. Python

Python is a language that can be used for many purposes. Apart from being a web programming language, Python can also be used to analyze data, to machine learning.

As a website programming language, Python is a high-level language because it is made easier like a human language. This convenience is one of the reasons why it is widely used.

3. Javascript

JavaScript is a web programming language that is widely used to make websites more interactive and dynamic. For example, you can use it to create animations, notification popups, photo slideshows, and other dynamic content.

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The thing that makes it different from other web programming languages ​​is that JavaScript can work through a web browser. 

However, using JavaScript requires high precision. Because the rules of writing code for this web programming language are more stringent than other languages.

4. PHP

PHP is a web programming language that works on the server side. PHP is used to connect content, databases, and browsers to display websites on the internet. 

As a web programming language, PHP can be used with other languages ​​such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. In fact, PHP also has frameworks like Laravel that can allow users to build websites quickly using the model-view-controller pattern.

5. SQL dan MySQL

SQL and MySQL are two programs that work specifically for data. Therefore, SQL and MySQL are widely used when doing web programming. 

In web programming, MySQL is used to store, manage, modify, and even delete data that has been stored in an organized manner. Meanwhile, SQL is a web programming language that is used only for querying and managing database systems.

6. HTML and CSS

Even though it is not included in the web programming language, HTML and CSS are the basic languages ​​used to build a website. 

HTML and CSS are used in website development on the front end. Both have complementary functions. HTML serves to compile the structure and framework of a website page. Then CSS to design the appearance of the website page.

7 Stages of Learning Web Programming

Learning web programming is quite easy if you know the stages of learning. For that, we will share the stages of learning web programming that you can apply. Here are the full steps:

1. HTML

The foundation of learning web programming is HTML or Hypertext Markup Language. As the name implies, it can be interpreted that HTML is a markup language used to create web pages. 

In HTML, you will learn to structure the framework and structure of web pages, layout, and elements on web pages, which consist of headers, footers, text, links, images, and tables.

2. CSS

After building your website’s page skeleton using HTML, you’ll want to beautify its appearance. Therefore, learning CSS is the next step. 

CSS or Cascading Style Sheet serves to adjust the appearance of your website content. For example, set the font color, background color, font style, or font size. 

3. PHP

After mastering HTML and CSS, the next step is to learn PHP or Hypertext Preprocessor.

PHP is a web programming language used to develop websites. PHP works on the server side to interact with the database. But interestingly, PHP can be embedded into HTML. That way, you can use PHP to make your website more interactive.

Simply put, PHP works like this; It will call your website content stored in the database, then give it a web browser to display as a website page. 

4. MySQL

Next, you need to learn MySQL to learn web programming. MySQL is a database management application that uses basic SQL commands. 

Your goal in learning MySQL is to understand how databases work and manage, know how to design data structures, to operate databases in programming.  

For example, if you create a website program, then you will of course retrieve or manage your data stored in the database. Well, for that, you will need MySQL to manage your website data between your computer and the database on the server. 

5. JavaScript

After knowing how to create web pages, and designing page styles, then, learn how to add functionality to web pages using JavaScript.

JavaScript is a web programming language that is widely used to make websites more interactive. For example, if you want to display photo slideshows, animated images, popup notifications, or other moving content.

6. Library

The next step is to understand the library. In web programming, a library is known as a collection of code or code snippets that can be reused, combined, or tested to help us develop websites. 

Well, to learn to bring certain animations or effects on the website, you can use the Library. For example, using jQuery, ReactJS, and so on.

7. Framework

For many users, Frameworks and Libraries are often considered the same. However, the two are different. A framework is a feature of a web programming language that is used in web programming to facilitate the creation of programs based on an already available framework. This framework consists of libraries, APIs, compilers, and other supporting programs.

Your goal in learning Frameworks is to help you build programs more quickly and in a structured way. 

Well, there are many types of frameworks that you can learn. For example, a JavaScript framework, a CSS framework, or a PHP framework. 

10 Recommended Sites for Learning Web Programming 

After knowing the stages of learning web programming, you definitely need a place to learn. For example, by attending lectures, boot camps, or studying online. Interestingly, there are many sites for learning web programming that you can access. Here are the full options: 

1. W3Schools

learn web programming on the w3school site

W3School is an educational site that focuses on web developers. The materials presented cover all aspects of web development. From basic to advanced. For example, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, SQL, Python, Bootstrap Framework, jQuery, and so on. 

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Best of all, you can access all the materials for free. In fact, you can practice directly creating a website with the available online compiler features. 

2. Codecademy

learn web programming at codecademy . site

Codecademy started out as Columbia University’s programming club before growing into a popular online coding course site. 

On this site, you can learn 12 types of web programming languages. Starting from HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Java, and so on.

In addition, you can also choose materials according to your learning objectives. For example, if you are studying for career purposes, then you can choose a special course package for career development. 

3. freeCodeCamp

learn free web programming on the freecodecamp site

As the name implies, you must have guessed that freeCodeCamp is a free coding learning site.

On this site, you can learn web programming through online courses. The trick, you can choose the subject of the lesson or you can also directly follow the programming project. You can even take interview preparation exercises if you want to become a developer. 

Interestingly, these materials are presented interactively. You will be asked to immediately practice creating a website program according to the instructions given. For example, the practice of making responsive website designs using HTML and CSS. That way, you can quickly learn web programming.

4. Udacity

udacity online course site to learn web programming

Udacity is an online course site for learning things related to technology. Such as data analytics, software, programming, and web development.

Each course is divided according to its focus. To learn web programming, you can choose a course presented by The School of Programming & Development. 

On this site, you will find materials that have been adapted to the learning objectives. For example, to become a Front End Web Developer, Fullstack Web Developer, and so on.

5. CSS Diner

css diner web programming learning site

You can use CSS Diner to learn CSS interactively. On this site, you won’t get the theory about CSS but put it into practice right away. 

Interestingly, the way of learning is presented in the form of a game consisting of 32 levels. At each level, you will be asked to enter the CSS code according to the instructions in the game. If you are having trouble, you can click “ Help, I’m stuck! ”, then you will get a brief explanation of how to pass the game.

6. The Odin Project

the odin project is a free web programming learning site for beginners

The Odin Project is a free learning site for beginners who want to become web developers. On this site, you will learn web programming materials that have been arranged in a structured curriculum. 

If you are just starting out, you are required to take the Course Foundation program first. In this program, you will learn the basics of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Frameworks, and specific materials for mindset development. After completing the basic stages, you can choose to move on to Full Stack Ruby on Rails to learn the backend, or Full Stack JavaScript to learn the front end.

7. Codewars

learn web programming on codewars situs site

If you need a challenging way of learning web programming, then you can give Codewars a try. This site is great if you want to test your coding skills. 

Interestingly, in order to register or log in on this site, you must first complete the basic challenges. You will be asked to fix a code structure using a web programming language that you are good at. For example, Python, Java, C, JavaScript, and more.

8. Codepolitan

codepolitan is an Indonesian language web programming learning site

If you want to find a website to learn web programming in Indonesian, you can choose Codepolitan. Moreover, if you want a career as a web developer. Because on this site, there are already available learning course packages to become a Full Stack Web Developer. 

The material is already structured. Starting from the basic guide, deepening the web programming language, and closing by doing project assignments. 

9. CodinGame

learn web programming while playing on the codinggame site

Need to learn web programming while playing? Please try CodinGame

On this site, you will be asked to complete challenges in the form of battles. The trick, you will be asked to write a line of code or coding according to the game instructions. 

Interestingly, before playing, you can choose one of 25 web programming languages ​​that you can use as your “game weapon”. 

10. Code Avengers

code avengers site to learn web programming

Code Avengers is a web programming learning site that teaches HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Python. 

This site can be used for teaching in schools and children. The class consists of three types, namely:

  • Junior: Junior class is for children aged 5-14 years old
  • Pros: intended for beginners aged 15 and over
  • Educator: intended for teachers who want to teach their students. 

7 Tips to Learn Web Programming More Effectively

You already know the stages of learning web programming and the supporting sites. Even so, you also need to know how to study effectively. Here are web programming learning tips that you can practice:

1. Determine Learning Goals

You should determine the purpose of learning web programming first. This is to make your learning steps effective. Whether you study for a hobby, for an assignment, or furthermore for a job. 

So, let’s say you want to work as a web developer. Then you also need to have a clear goal, whether you want a career as a front-end, back-end, or full-stack. Because these three types have a different scopes of work.

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The front end will work on the appearance and design of the website. Then, the back end will be responsible for handling servers, databases, and everything related to the back of the website. The full stack is a web programmer who can work on these two sides at once.

2. Selecting a Programming Language 

If you understand the purpose of learning, then it will be easier for you to choose a website programming language to learn. Preferably, the language you choose is the one that suits your needs. 

  • Front-end web programmer: needs to learn HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Angular, ReactJS, and so on.
  • Back-end web programmer: needs to master web programming language related to database or server. For example, PHP, Java, MySQL, C#, and so on. 

Well, that way, you can focus on learning and mastering web programming languages ​​according to your learning goals. After that, you can learn another language if you want to develop your skills.

3. Make a Study Schedule

Consistency and habit are ways to keep your passion for learning. For that, you need to make a study schedule. You can devote between 1 and 4 hours of study time a day. 

Apart from that, you can also take web programming classes or study with friends. Because it can help you be more disciplined with your study schedule. And even, by taking classes, you can also be more enthusiastic about learning. 

4. Understand the Basic Concepts

The basic concept in question is general knowledge within the scope of web programming. For example, you can learn what a programmer is, what is the list of HTML color codes, the difference between programming and coding, to specific things such as the basic theory of programming languages, data structures, algorithms, and so on.

5. Reading books and practicing them

You have chosen a programming language and learned the basic concepts. Well, to deepen your understanding, there are several programming books that are important for you to read:

Books for basic understanding

  • The Pragmatic Programmer: Your Journey to Mastery (Andrew Hunt & David Thomas)
  • Structure and Interpretation of Computer Program (Harold Abelson, Gerald Jay Sussman, dan Julie Sussman) 
  • Code Complete: A Practical Handbook of Software Construction (Steve McConnel)
  • Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship (Robert C. Martin)
  • Introduction to Algorithms (Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, dan Clifford Stein)

Books for a career as a programmer

  • Peopleware: Productive Projects and Teams (Tom DeMarco, Tim Lister)
  • Rapid Development: Taming Wild Software Schedules (Steve McConnel)
  • The Self-Taught Programmer: The Definitive Guide to Programming Professionally (Cory Althoff)

Books for mastering website programming languages

  • HTML & CSS: Design and Build Websites (Jon Duckett)
  • Learning Web Design: A Beginners’ Guide to HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Web Graphics (Jennifer Robbins)
  • You Don’t Know JS Yet: Get Started (Kyle Simpson)
  • Effective Java (Joshua Bloch)
  • Head First PHP & MySQL: A Brain-Friendly Guide (Lynn Beighley, Michael Morrison)
  • Python Crash Course: A Hands-On, Project-Based Introduction to Programming (Eric Matthes)
  • SQL Queries for Mere Mortals: A Hands-On Guide to Data Manipulation in SQL (John L. Viescas, Michael J. Hernandez)

In addition, you should also know that learning web programming is studying technical science. So, in addition to reading, you must practice every material you learn. The goal, in addition to making your way of learning more effective, is also to make your understanding stronger.

6. Create a Portfolio

After you learn web programming, then creating a portfolio is important for you. Why?

Because, through a portfolio, you can display projects or web programming work that you have done. In fact, a portfolio can help you land a job as a web programmer. Whether it’s a freelance job or a permanent job at a company.

Therefore, making a portfolio as a web programmer is something you should not forget. Well, for that, you need to use a hosting that has dedicated resources. Thus, it is suitable for programmers to use. For example, using cloud hosting or VPS

Ready to Learn Web Programming?

By now you already know that web programming or web programming is the process of designing and building an accessible website program.

You also already know that learning web programming provides many exciting benefits for you. For example, opportunities for a wider career or earning a promising income.

Well, now is the time for you to learn web programming according to the tips and stages that we have explained. Then build a web programming career through a great portfolio!

Don’t forget to choose quality hosting to build your web programming project portfolio. At Namecheap, you can use a VPS if you need flexible hosting.

Not only that, but by using a VPS, you will get root access to the server. That way, you have complete control over your server. 

In fact, you will also get a dedicated resource. That way, you can manage multiple hosting accounts and build various websites, without being bothered by other users. 

What are you waiting for? Come on, get your portfolio online now!

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I am Omotunmihse Temitope (Xander), A Contents Writer, Web and Graphic designer, and A pro blogger who has a passion for blogging and has taken blogging as part of my daily activities.
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